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  • This dataset represents the underlying seawater data on core indicator Radioactive substances: Cesium-137 in-fish-and-surface-seawater. The core indicator evaluates the state of the environment using the concentration of the radioactive isotope cesium-137 (137Cs) in herring, in flatfish and in surface waters. Quantitative thresholds are used to evaluate if core indicators Achieve or Fail Good status or if the status is Not assessed. Good status is achieved when concentrations reach levels measured before the Chernobyl accident in 1986 when the biota of the Baltic Sea received the most significant contribution to their level of artificial radionuclides, predominantly in the form of 137Cs. This dataset displays the result of the indicator in HELCOM Assessment Scale 2 (Division of the Baltic Sea into 17 sub-basins). Attribute information: "KEY" = MORS Database unique sample identifier "COUNTRY" = Code for country of observation "YEAR" = Year of observation "STATION" = Unique text that identifies the station "TDEPTH" = Bottom depth at sampling site (m) "SDEPTH" = Sampling depth (m) "ASSESSMENT" = Name of the HELCOM scale 2 assessment unit (subbasin) "NUCLIDE" = Nuclide measured "VALUE_Bq_m" = Value of measurement in Bq/m3

  • This dataset is the first dedicated SMOS Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) product for the Baltic basin to enhance the science capabilities in the Baltic region and help to fill the gaps and grand challenges identified by the scientific community. These new product has been created under the funded ESA project ITT Baltic+ Salinity dynamics (4000126102/18/I-BG). This basin is one of the most challenging regions for the satellite SSS retrieval. The available EO-based SSS products are quite limited in terms of spatio-temporal coverage and quality. This is mainly due to technical limitations that strongly affect the brightness temperatures (TB), such as the high contamination by interferences and the contamination close to land and ice edges. Moreover, the sensitivity of TB to SSS changes is very low and dielectric models present limitations in this low salinity regime. Baltic+ L4 SSS product comprises 9 years (2011-2019) of daily maps at 0.05 degrees. A detailed explanation of the product algorithms and validation can be found at and in the publication: Gonzalez-Gambau et al., “First SMOS Sea Surface Salinity dedicated products over the Baltic Sea“, Earth System Science Data, 2021 We present here the seasonal averaged Baltic+ L4 SSS products for the period 2011-2019. The daily Baltic+ L4 SSS products can be downloaded from the BEC FTP service (s in the directory OCEAN/SSS/SMOS/Baltic/v1.0/L4/daily/