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  • This dataset contains points data of hydropower dams and dams downloaded from OpenStreetMap. Attributes specification and units Country: International Country Code (ISO 3166-1-Alpha-2 code elements) name: name of the structure, if available origin: "HOLAS 2" or "OSM" code_ID:OpenStreetMap ID or HOLAS2 Name or ID number of the hydropower dam

  • Dataset represent urban land use (urban areas) around Baltic Sea coast. The resolution of the data is 250 m x 250 m. The dataset is constructed from CORINE Land Cover (CLC) 2006 for EU countries and from Open street map (OSM) open source data in Russia. Dataset is based on data collated for the HELCOM Second Holistic Assessment of the Ecosystem health of the Baltic Sea. The dataset covers the whole catchment area of the Baltic sea.

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AA.J3L3 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic photic sand dominated by ocean quahog (Arctica islandica)The HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotop e and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AA.J3L3 according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The main distribution area of this biotope is the western Baltic Sea. The largest populations of A. islandica are found in Kiel and Mecklenburg Bights (Zettler et al. 2001). The distribution map indicates the area in the 100 x 100 km grid where biotope is known to occur.(Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AE.O5 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic Sea aphotic pelagic below halocline oxicThe HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AE.O5 according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The distribution map indicates the area in the 100 x 100 km grid where biotope is known to occur. The habitat only makes up a section of the pelagic water mass in the area indicated by the map. The map is created based on the bathymetric data of the Baltic Proper. According to the depth contours, the grid indicated on the map include areas deeper than 60-80m.(Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • This dataset describes fishing intensity for subsurface mobile bottom contacting gear in 2011 based on VMS/Log book data processed by ICES Working Group on Spatial Fisheries Data (WGSFD). ICES secretariat collected during 2017 relevant VMS and logbook data for 2009-2016 to produce, as a technical service to HELCOM, updated spatial data layers on fishing intensity/pressure. Improved data quality control checks were implemented. Submitted data across the HELCOM area have improved in quality compared to previous data 2009-2013 published in 2015. Standardized methods were used to produce the requested data layers. The code used to create the data products is available here: https://github.com/ices-eg/wg_WGSFD For further technical information on the advice request, see http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Advice/2017/Special_requests/helcom.2017.18.pdf HELCOM secretariat did the following processing to the shapefile provided by ICES: - Conversion to ETRS89LAEA coordinate system - Added feature and attribute "Reported" to display unreported areas. Dataset attribute information: c-square: Unique reference of the c-square polygon Year: Year of fishing activity mid_lat: latitude coordinate of the centroid of c-square inWGS84 decimal degrees mid_lon: longitude coordinate of the centroid of c-square inWGS84 decimal degrees SurfaceSAR: Surface area ratio (Swept area, < 2 cm penetration depth of the gear components) Subsurface: Subsurface area ratio (Swept area, subsurface =>2 cm penetration depth of the gear components) totweight: Total Weight (kg) totvalue: Total value (Euros) Kw Fishing Hours: (Kw*h) Fishing hours: (h) Reported: Yes=Reported data. No= No reported data (area that does not contain effort/intensity value due to lack of reported data). Please note that this dataset was updated (v2) in January 2019, see further details below in the lineage section.

  • The dataset contains the number of hunted birds (number of birds/area) per year per area for each target species: common scooter (Melanitta nigra), velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca), eider (Somateri molissima) and long tailed duck (Clangula hymalis). The dataset covers the period 2016-2021. The data was made available by HELCOM Contracting Parties in response to a data call. The data was reported by Denmark, Estonia, Finland and Sweden. The activity was declared as not relevant in Germany, Latvia and Poland. Attribute specification and units: Area: Name of the area given by the national data provider Eid_2016-Eid_2021: Number of hunted eiders in 2016-2021 LTD_2016-LTD_201: Number of hunted long tailed ducks in 2016-2021 Sco_2016-Sco_2021: Number of hunted common scoters in 2016-2021 VSc_2016-VSc_2021: Number of hunted velvet scoters in 2016-2021 avg_syears: average of number of hunted birds

  • Dataset represents the radioactive discharges from nuclear facilities in the Baltic Sea area. Data includes isotopes CS137, CO60 and SR90 Aquatic discharges in 2011-2014 with decay corrections.

  • This dataset contains the most up-to-date reported data about zooplankton monitoring stations in the Baltic Sea. It was collected during the HELCOM MORE project. The dataset was updated in December 2020 with new data from Finland

  • This dataset was collected by HELCOM Secretariat during the HELCOM MORE project and represents monitoring stations in the Baltic Sea This data set contains all primary production stations in the Baltic Sea as reported to the HELCOM MORE project. It was collected and published at the beginning of 2013.The data came originally from the CORESET project. Contracting Parties were then asked to complete and check the info.

  • The layer depicts the pressure of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea, based on the data from the HOLAS 3 integrated eutrophication assessment. The methodology utilizes the Eutrophication Quality Ratios (EQRS) available for each HELCOM assessment unit on level 4b. The results of integrated eutrophication assessment combines the information of the three MSFD criteria groups (C1: Nutrient levels, C2: Direct effect, C3: Indirect effect) and use this value as an indication of pressure for each assessment unit. The Spatial Impact and Pressure Assessment is carried out using a 1x1km grid while the Integrated eutrophication status is assessed on vector based HELCOM assessment units, the vector data are rasterized. First, the vector data are rasterized to 100x100m resolution, and after that it is aggregated to a 10x10km grid using a mean value. A 10 km grid is used in order to make the gradients between assessment units slightly smoother and finally the values converted to 1x1 km resolution. The scale for the pressure values in the map (0.26-1) represents the scale in the original source data.