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  • A vector grid in 2 x 2 km resolution showing model results of environmental impact caused by spill of soluble chemicals from ships with size greater than 5000 t as g oil / km^2 weighted.This dataset has been produced by COWI (http://www.cowi.dk) for the BRISK project (Sub-regional risk of spill of oil and hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea, http://www.brisk.helcom.fi/). Fields: COL_NO (Dbl): Column ROW_NO (Dbl): Row WLoad (Dbl): Environmental impact (g oil / km^2 weighted).

  • A vector grid in 2 x 2 km resolution showing the environmental sensitivity and the underlying themes that have caused the final vulnerability in summer for the Baltic Sea area. This dataset has been produced by COWI (http://www.cowi.dk) for the BRISK project (Sub-regional risk of spill of oil and hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea, http://www.brisk.helcom.fi/). Sensitivity map is based on datasets provided by the BRISK Project Partner organisations. The detailed documentation of what partner provided what data is given in the Annex of the document: 70618-3.1.2.2 Data Collection Report. Field explanations: RS_SR: Rocky shores and stony reefs, Estuaries; Estuaries, Lagoons: Coastal lagoons, Bays: Shallow inlets and bays, Sandbanks: Underwater Sand banks, Beach: Sandy beaches, Seagrass: Sea grass, meadows, Spawning: Spawning area for fish with demersal eggs, Nursery: Nursery areas for fish on shallow water, Off_spawn: Offshore spawning areas for fish with pelagic eggs, Win_Birds: Wintering areas for sea and shore birds, Staging: Staging areas for migrating sea and shore birds, Breeding: Breeding areas for sea and shore birds, Moulting: Moulting areas for sea birds, Mammals: Marine Mammals, Protected: Protected areas, Aquacult:: Fish farms and aqua cultures, Sum: Weighted vulnerability index, Index: Not used Weighted vulnerability index is used to depict vulnerability for the Baltic Sea. Certain parameters have been used to map the environmental sensitivity to oil and each has been weighted for four seasons based on expert judgment. Two alternative sensitivity weighting matrices were also prepared in order to evaluate and validate the results. The sensitivity maps has been combined with the data on oil impact to model environmental damage, and to quantitatively compare the relative efect of the proposed new measures to reduce the risk, impact and damage of oil. Underlaying paramenters used in the vulnerability calculation can be obtained from HELCOM map service under Shipping\Risk Assessment (BRISK)\Environmental parameters -folder.

  • A vector grid in 2 x 2 km resolution showing model results of environmental damage caused by spill of soluble chemicals from ships with size less than 5000 t as incidents/million years weighted.This dataset has been produced by COWI (http://www.cowi.dk) for the BRISK project (Sub-regional risk of spill of oil and hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea, http://www.brisk.helcom.fi/). Fields: COL_NO (Dbl): Column ROW_NO (Dbl): Row WLoad (Dbl): Environmental damage (Incidents/million years weighted).

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AA.H3L6 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic photic muddy sediment dominated by UnionidaeThe HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AA.H3L6according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The biotope is known to occur in the eastern parts of the Curonian lagoon in Lithuania. Mussel species of the family Unionidae occur in the whole Baltic Sea region and can occur in densities high enough to be habitat forming in estuaries. The distribution map indicates the area in the 100 x 100 km grid where biotope is known to occur.(Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AA.H1B4, AA.I1B4, AA.J1B4 and AA.M1B4 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic photic muddy or coarse sediment, sand or mixed substrate dominated by Charales The HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AA.H1B4, AA.I1B4, AA.J1B4 andAA.M1B4according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The Charales biotopes are distributed along the whole Baltic Sea coastline. The biotope covers largeareas in the comparatively large, shallow and sheltered erman Bodden areas, the Polish and LithuanianLagoons, the Latvian Bay ofRiga and Estonian, and along the coasts of Finland and Sweden especially inflads. The higher the salinities, the higher the diversity of the biotope withrespect to accompanyingplant species and inhabiting invertebrate and fishcommunities. The diversity of Charales and relatedgenera can howeverincrease with decreasing salinity, as the charophytes are brackish andfreshwatermacrophytes. The distribution map indicates the area in the 100 x100 km grid where biotope is knownto occur.AA.H1B4, AA.I1B4, AA.J1B4 andAA.M1B4have been placed in the Red List classification to the category of Near Threatened (NT) biotopes. (Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • The data set is showing sandy beaches along the Finnish coast as points used for the BRISK project (Sub-regional risk of spill of oil and hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea, http://www.brisk.helcom.fi/). This dataset has been produced by COWI (http://www.cowi.dk) based on data collected from Finland (Copyright: Metsähallitus).

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AA.H1B7, AA.I1B7, AA.J1B7 and AA.M1B7 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic photic muddy sediment, coarse sediment, sand or mixed substrate dominated by common eelgrass (Zostera marina) The HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea. Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AA.H1B7, AA.I1B7, AA.J1B7 andAA.M1B7according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts: The Zostera beds are common from Kattegat to the Archipelago Sea in the northern Baltic, and thesalinity gradient from south to north causesconsiderable differences to the composition of theassociated fauna and flora.In the southern Baltic Sea the eelgrass usually forms pure stands along theouter, exposed coastline, whereas in the northern part of the Baltic Sea and insouthern bays andlagoons it often grows intermixed with other aquaticangiosperms. The largest occurrences of thebiotopes dominated by Zosteramarina are found in the southern Baltic Sea, where they represent oneof themost abundant biotopes of the sublittoral. The distribution map indicates thearea in the 100 x 100 kmgrid where biotope is known to occur based on field sampling data. AA.H1B7, AA.I1B7, AA.J1B7 andAA.M1B7have been placed in the Red List classification to the category of Near Threatened (NT) biotopes. (Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AC were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic Sea seasonal sea iceThe HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AC according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The distribution of the biotope covers the whole Baltic Sea, but is most common in the northern regions. From a time series of the maximum annual ice extent of sea ice, a declining trend can be detected. During the last two decades all ice winters of the Baltic Sea have been between average and extremely mild. The length of the ice season shows a decreasing trend by 14–44 days in the latest century (Vihma & Haapala 2009). The distribution area in the 100 x 100 km grid where the biotope occurs during an average ice winter when the ice covers approximately 200 000 km2.(Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)

  • A vector grid in 2 x 2 km resolution showing the environmental sensitivity and the underlying themes that have caused the final vulnerability in spring for the Baltic Sea area. This dataset has been produced by COWI (http://www.cowi.dk) for the BRISK project (Sub-regional risk of spill of oil and hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea, http://www.brisk.helcom.fi/). Sensitivity map is based on datasets provided by the BRISK Project Partner organisations. The detailed documentation of what partner provided what data is given in the Annex of the document: 70618-3.1.2.2 Data Collection Report. Field explanations: RS_SR: Rocky shores and stony reefs, Estuaries; Estuaries, Lagoons: Coastal lagoons, Bays: Shallow inlets and bays, Sandbanks: Underwater Sand banks, Beach: Sandy beaches, Seagrass: Sea grass, meadows, Spawning: Spawning area for fish with demersal eggs, Nursery: Nursery areas for fish on shallow water, Off_spawn: Offshore spawning areas for fish with pelagic eggs, Win_Birds: Wintering areas for sea and shore birds, Staging: Staging areas for migrating sea and shore birds, Breeding: Breeding areas for sea and shore birds, Moulting: Moulting areas for sea birds, Mammals: Marine Mammals, Protected: Protected areas, Aquacult:: Fish farms and aqua cultures, Sum: Weighted vulnerability index, Index: Not used Weighted vulnerability index is used to depict vulnerability for the Baltic Sea. Certain parameters have been used to map the environmental sensitivity to oil and each has been weighted for four seasons based on expert judgment. Two alternative sensitivity weighting matrices were also prepared in order to evaluate and validate the results. The sensitivity maps has been combined with the data on oil impact to model environmental damage, and to quantitatively compare the relative efect of the proposed new measures to reduce the risk, impact and damage of oil. Underlaying paramenters used in the vulnerability calculation can be obtained from HELCOM map service under Shipping\Risk Assessment (BRISK)\Environmental parameters -folder.

  • Summary Estimated observations of the biotope AB.A1F1 and AB.M1F1 were collected from the Baltic Sea area by expert judgements for HELCOM Red List of biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes. Description Baltic aphotic rock and boulders or mixed hard and soft substrates dominated by sea squirts (Ascidiacea)The HELCOM Red List of Baltic Sea underwater biotopes, habitats and biotope complexes (2013) is an updated and improved version of the Red List assessment of marine and coastal biotopes and biotope complexes published in 1998. The classification of the report follows the proposed International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria and assessment principals but with some modifications for the Baltic Sea.Altogether, the HELCOM Underwater Biotope and habitat classification (HELCOM HUB) includes 209 biotopes of which 59 were red-listed. Many of the red-listed biotopes are located in deep areas of the Baltic Sea due to oxygen-free nature as well as in the southwestern Baltic Sea due to the salinity restricted distribution of species in certain biotope. The HELCOM assessment relies heavily on expert judgment and inference, and the questionnaire data represents the estimated presence-absence data not in-situ measured data. This must be taken in account when observing the map presentation. The biotopes are shown on the map using the EEA 100 km grid. This dataset displays estimated presence of AB.A1F1 and AB.M1F1 according to HELCOM RED LIST assessment experts:The biotopes occur in the Kattegat and the Belt Sea. The distribution map indicates the area in the 100 x 100 km grid where biotopes are estimated to occur based on environmental gradients and the availability of the specific substrates.(Data (expert judgements) collected in HELCOM RED LIST project, released in May 2013)